Who Made God?
“If everything that exists has a creator, then who created God?”
I have heard this question posed as an objection to God and the Bible many times. The claim is that there is a contradiction in the court of theists (those who believe in one God), being that theists claim God did not have a beginning, whereas naturalists claim the same thing regarding the universe. In other words, if God can exist without cause, asks the naturalist, why can’t the universe as well?
There are a few issues with this question/claim. First, it is based on a false assumption. The assumption hidden within the question is that God began to exist. However, according to a Biblical understanding of God, He did not have a beginning, nor was He created by any outside being or force. Take, for example, Revelation 22:13, which says “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”
God has eternally existed before all things, and will continue to exist apart from all things. He had no beginning, and has no end.
So, to answer the question “who made God?”, the answer is simply “nobody did.” God has always existed. In order for God to have been created, there would need to be something beyond God who is able to create a being such as God. However, the existence of such a being would negate the very nature of God. God, after all, is the greatest conceivable being. He is the only entity in existence, the reason for whose existence is purely Himself. He is a necessary being. Simply put, this means that everything exists because of Him, but nothing can exist apart from Him.
Wait a minute-the naturalist may object. This still does not answer the question as to why God can exist without a cause, but the universe cannot. The answer to this is simple: the logical argument for the beginning of the universe is as follows:
Everything that begins to exist has a cause
The universe began to exist.
Therefore, the universe had a cause.
This argument is logically sound, meaning it cannot be disputed. The premises are true, and therefore the conclusion follows logically. This is known as a deductive logical argument.
However, it is important that we pay close attention to the premises and their conclusion. The premises do not simply say “everything that exists has a cause.” Rather, the argument says “everything that begins to exist has a cause.” This rules out God right away. Why? Because, as we have already established, God, by definition, did not have a cause.
Let us dive into this further.
In order for the universe to begin to exist, whatever caused the universe would have to be outside of nature, being that nature cannot create itself. According to the scientific principle known as the Law of Conservation of Mass, matter cannot be created or destroyed; it can only change forms. So, where did the universe come from?
Right away, we have established that whatever created the universe must be immaterial. It also must be outside of space and time, being that space and time are correlative. One cannot exist without the other.
Secondly, the being would have to be incredibly powerful, in order to create the universe out of nothing, amazingly intelligent, in order to create a universe with functioning laws of physics, mathematics, nature, etc. Lastly, this being requires a personal element, in order to make a conscious decision to create the universe out of nothing.
Now, consider a spaceless, timeless, immaterial, powerful, personal, intelligent being. This is exactly what is meant by God. He is the Alpha and Omega, the creator of all things. He is the uncaused first cause.
So, to answer the question again: who made God? No one. God is an eternal being.
The attributes of God as the creator of the universe in this article were adapted from “I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist” by Dr. Frank Turek and Dr. Norman Geisler.